Target archery is the most popular form of archery in the UK (and probably over the World). It consists of many different rounds, but they are all known distances and on flat ground.

 

In the UK, the two main types are Metric and Imperial rounds. The Metric rounds are shot in metres, and have a scoring system of 10 down to 1 point. Imperial rounds are unique to the UK, and the rounds often have names after places, such as York, Hereford, Albion, Windsor, Warwick etc. These are shot in yards, and have a 1 to 9 scoring system. Imperial rounds always use the large 122cm face, that are used on the longer metric rounds.

 

The long imperial rounds, Yorks (gents) and Herefords (ladies), have an award system if they are "Rose" status. This means the shoot has been awarded UK Status, and therefore archers can get Rose Awards based on the scores they shoot.

 

Depending on the gender and age group of the archer, the longest distance for a gentleman archer would be 90m/100yards, and for a lady archery, 70m/80yards.

 

The World governing body (World Archery - formally known as FITA), stipulate the standards for rounds, which are always shot in metres using the metric scoring system. These rounds are used in the Olympics, World Cups, European Championships etc. In the UK, these are shot at tournaments known as World Record Status shoots (WRS), and follow script timing controls. This allows archers to shoot the rounds, knowing that they are shooting to the same standard of competition as other archers around the world, therefore, their scores can be compared like-for-like.

 

The WRS rounds consist of qualification rounds and head-to-heads (often known as 720 as this is the maximum number of points you can get). The qualification rounds are generally 6doz arrows at 70m (on a 122cm face) for recurve bows and 6doz arrows at 50m for compound (80cm face). Once the archers have been ranked based on their qualification scores, they shoot in the head-to-head. This is simply a knock out round, resulting in an eventual winner.

 

Below is an example of targets set out at a WRS event (taken at the 2011 UK Masters), showing the timing board and shooting lines. The targets are on the compound shooting line with 3 x 80cm faces, once for each archer.

WRS target competition

The photo below are targets set out for a FITA Star, with the large faces (122cm) set out at the maximum distance of 90m (gents archers) and 70m (lady archers). These were taken from the 2011 Andober FITA Star.

FITA Star targets

At WRS tournaments, you can gain badges based on the scores you shoot. For the full FITA rounds, you can gain "Star" badges (these tournaments are known as FITA Stars), and for the 720 rounds, "Target" awards. An example of a FITA Start badge can be seen below. In this case, its for a 1350 Compound score, but there are badges for Recurve also.

 FITA Star award